Neurish Addictive Disorders
What Are Addictive Disorders?
Addictive disorders are complex medical conditions that can have a significant impact on an individual’s physical, mental, and social health. The American Psychiatric Association (APA) defines addictive disorders as a cluster of cognitive, behavioral, and physiological symptoms that indicate continued substance use or problematic behavior despite significant substance-related problems.
These disorders are chronic conditions that involve the repeated use of substances or compulsive behavior, which the individual cannot control despite suffering from negative consequences. There are many types of substance-related addictive disorders, and each one has its own unique set of symptoms and treatment options.
Here are some of the most common types of addictive disorders we treat at our luxury mental health facilities:
- Alcohol use disorder: A chronic condition characterized by the compulsive use of alcohol. Individuals with this disorder may find it difficult to control their drinking habits, despite the negative consequences that may result. The long-term effects of alcohol use disorder can include liver damage, heart disease, and mental health issues such as depression and anxiety.
- Opioid use disorder: A chronic condition characterized by the compulsive use of opioids, such as prescription painkillers or heroin. Individuals with this disorder may experience intense cravings for opioids and may find it difficult to function normally without them. Long-term effects of opioid use disorder can include respiratory issues, infections, and mental health issues such as depression and anxiety.
- Stimulant use disorder: A chronic condition characterized by the compulsive use of stimulants, such as cocaine or methamphetamine. Individuals with this disorder may experience intense cravings for these drugs and may find it difficult to stop using them, despite the negative consequences that may result. Long-term effects of stimulant use disorder can include heart disease, stroke, and mental health issues such as anxiety and depression.
Causes of Addictive Disorders
Addictive disorders can arise from various factors, including genetic, environmental, and psychological factors. It’s important to note that addictive disorders are often caused by a combination of these factors rather than any single cause. Understanding the various factors that can contribute to addiction can help individuals and their loved ones recognize the signs of addiction and seek appropriate treatment.
- Genetic factors: Certain genes may make a person more susceptible to developing an addiction. Research has shown that addiction can run in families. However, having a genetic predisposition to addiction does not mean that someone will definitely develop an addiction.
- Environmental factors: Growing up in an environment where drug or alcohol use is normalized can increase the risk of addiction. Exposure to substance use at a young age can make it seem more acceptable or even desirable, which can lead to experimentation and eventual addiction.
- Stressful life events: Traumatic events, such as the death of a loved one or a divorce, can increase the likelihood of developing an addiction as a coping mechanism. Substance use can provide temporary relief from difficult emotions, which can make it appealing. However, this can quickly turn into addiction, as the brain begins to associate substance use with relief from stress or pain.
- Mental health disorders: People with mental health disorders, such as depression or anxiety, may turn to drugs or alcohol to self-medicate. Substance use can provide temporary relief from symptoms, but it can also exacerbate those symptoms over time. Additionally, prolonged substance use can lead to the development of mental health disorders, such as depression or anxiety, further complicating the situation.
Symptoms of Addictive Disorders
Addictive disorders are characterized by a persistent pattern of substance use that leads to significant problems or distress. Symptoms of addictive disorders can vary depending on the type of disorder and the severity of the addiction. Common symptoms we help with at our mental health treatment center include:
- Loss of control: People with addictive disorders often find it difficult to limit or stop their substance use, even when it is causing problems in their life. They may have tried to quit or cut back on their own, but find themselves unable to do so.
- Cravings: Strong desire or urge to use substances is another common symptom of addictive disorders. These cravings can be triggered by various things, such as being around people or places associated with substance use, or experiencing stress or other negative emotions.
- Tolerance: Over time, people with addictive disorders may need increasing amounts of the substance to feel the same effects. This is known as tolerance, and it can lead to more frequent or higher-dose substance use.
- Withdrawal symptoms: When a person stops using the substance, they may experience physical and emotional changes known as withdrawal symptoms. These symptoms can be uncomfortable or even dangerous, and they can make it difficult for a person to quit using the substance.
- Continued use despite negative consequences: Despite experiencing negative consequences such as relationship problems, poor work or school performance, or health issues, people with addictive disorders may continue to use substances. This is because the substance use has become compulsive and difficult to control.
- Time spent using and obtaining substances: People with addictive disorders may spend a significant amount of time using or obtaining substances, or recovering from their use. This can interfere with their ability to fulfill responsibilities or engage in other activities.
- Ignoring other activities: People with addictive disorders may begin to ignore other activities and interests that were once important to them. They may give up hobbies, social activities, or even work or school in order to use substances.
- Using substances to cope: Many people with addictive disorders use substances to cope with stress, anxiety, or other negative emotions. This can create a cycle where substance use leads to more problems, which leads to more substance use.
- Risk-taking behavior: Engaging in risky behavior, such as driving under the influence or stealing, to obtain the substance is another symptom of addictive disorders. People with addictive disorders may take risks that they wouldn’t normally take in order to get their next fix.
Luxury Mental Health Treatment and Medical Assistance for Addictive Disorders
At our Orange County mental health facility, addictive disorders can be treated through a range of approaches, including behavioral therapies, medications, and support groups. The objective of treatment is to help the individual overcome the addiction, manage withdrawal symptoms, and prevent relapse.
- Behavioral therapy: focuses on changing the patient’s behavior by identifying and modifying negative thought patterns and behaviors related to substance use. Strategies include cognitive-behavioral therapy, motivational interviewing, and contingency management.
- Medications: can be used to help manage withdrawal symptoms, reduce cravings, and prevent relapse. Examples include buprenorphine for opioid addiction and naltrexone for alcohol and opioid addiction.
- Support groups: offer peer support and encouragement, as well as a safe space to discuss challenges and successes along the recovery journey. Examples include Alcoholics Anonymous, Narcotics Anonymous, and SMART Recovery.
Get Help for Addictive Disorders at Our California Mental Health Facilities
If you or someone you know is struggling with an addictive disorder, it is important to seek help as soon as possible. There are many resources available at our luxury mental health treatment centers, such as medication management, therapy, support groups, and counseling services. Remember, recovery is a process, and it can take time and effort to overcome an addiction. With the right treatment and support, however, it is possible to take control and live a healthy and fulfilling life in recovery.